Wednesday, May 07, 2014

Armory Park at the Salem Visitor's Center

Sometimes we can walk right by something very interesting and never really notice it.  For me, that was the case with Armory Park, which is located just one block from the Hawthorne Hotel, at the corner of Essex Street and New Liberty Street.  I walk by it all the time, and love how it looks in the differing seasons, but I never really "explored" this little park in detail.

Now I have, and here are some photos that I hope will help to enlighten you, and perhaps cause you want to learn and see more as well:

1629  The first militia company in Massachusetts Bay is organized in Salem

1636  With the need for greater military organization, the East regiment, later the Essex regiment, is organized on December 13, 1636.  This date marks the official birth of the National Guard of the United States.

1775  Essex County militiamen respond to the Lexington alarm of April 19, 1775 and take part in the fiercest fighting of the day in Arlington.  Essex militiamen later fight at Bunker Hill and help form units of the Continental Army.

1786  Veterans of the Revolutionary war realize the need for military preparedness and civil order and organize the Salem cadets, later the Second Corps of Cadets, on July 19, 1786.  The Cadets are one of the first volunteer militia units in the State.

1861 - 1865  The Second Corps of Cadets serves in the Civil War and provides the leadership for volunteer units from all parts of Essex County.

1917 - 1918  The Second Corps of Cadets serves as an artillery battalion in the 26th Yankee Division in France during World War I.  The Corps participates in six campaigns.

1941 - 1945  As the 102D Filed Artillery Battalion, the Corps engages in six major campaigns in the European theater in World War II including the Battle of the Bulge.

1947 - 1989  As part of the strategic reserve, the Second Corps of Cadets expands to three battalions as the 102D Field Artillery Regiment; in 1988 the 102D is inactivated, and the Corps is reduced to a battery.

1996  As part of the total force, the 102D Field Artillery (Second Corps of Cadets) is reorganized as the nation returns to its traditional reliance on the volunteer citizen soldier.

The Armory Park in full summer.

Armory Park in the Fall
Here is a link to some more information:  Salem Women's History of Armory Park

I hope to see you here, or there.


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